The twenty-first he passed in the same manner, his fever still increasing, and suffered much during the night. He diminished nothing of their equipage, or of the attentions and respect formerly paid them, and allowed larger pensions for their maintenance than they had before.
The page numbers in the Greek text are shown in red. For though they thought it too base to strive who should flatter him most, yet they found it hazardous not to do it; so that between the shame and the danger, they were in a great strait how to behave themselves.
Alexander was no less concerned at his death than if he had lost an old companion or an intimate friend, and built a city, which he named Bucephalia, in memory of him, on the bank of the river Hydaspes.
In the text that we now have, nineteen of the parallel lives end with a brief comparison; probably they all once did.
There is, for example, a touching letter of consolation to his wife on the occasion of the death of their only daughter. The Delphians and Chaeroneans ordered statues to be erected for their famous citizen.
Though it was said that when Alexander, on his deathbed, was asks who should take over his kingdom he replied, "to the strongest" the fact that he was unable to speak at his death eliminates this as a real possibility.
As a young boy, he was taught by Leonidas of Epirus, a relative of his mother, Olympias. For he gave them leave to bury whom they pleased of the Persians, and to make use for this purpose of what garments and furniture they thought fit out of the booty.
He strove for the prize which Aretemisia dedicated to the honour and memory of her husband Mausolus ; but that oration is lost. But his biographies, though sometimes rambling, are nonetheless powerfully entertaining and informative. Among the sayings of one Psammon, a philosopher, whom he heard in Egypt, he most approved of this, that all men are governed by God, because in everything, that which is chief and commands is divine.
Destruction of Thebes When he came to Thebes, to show how willing he was to accept of their repentance for what was past, he only demanded of them Phoenix and Prothytes, the authors of the rebellion, and proclaimed a general pardon to those who would come over to him.
Alexander actually overslept that morning and had to be woken by his generals. He diminished nothing of their equipage, or of the attentions and respect formerly paid them, and allowed larger pensions for their maintenance than they had before. Nor did he judge amiss; for being charged by a thousand horse and sixty armed chariots, which advanced before their main body, he took all the chariots, and killed four hundred horse upon the place.
He imputed also the murder of Clitus, which he committed in his wine, and the unwillingness of the Macedonians to follow him against the Indians, by which his enterprise and glory was left imperfect, to the wrath and vengeance of Bacchus, the protector of Thebes.
The assassins did not dare confront him face to face. This was done in the fifteenth year of his age, when Praxiteles was archon [ B. Aristobulus says, he had not a fund of above seventy talents for their pay, nor had he more than thirty days' provision, if we may believe Duris; Onesicritus tells us he was two hundred talents in debt.
Though the Macedonian infantry started the battle, Alexander forced Darius to start the cavalry, horseback, attack. Alexander learned of a plot against his life by Philotas, a Macedonian officer and the son of Parmenion.
For Androcottus, who not long after reigned in those parts, made a present of five hundred elephants at once to Seleucus, and with an army of six hundred thousand men subdued all India. He was fortunate that the power of Persia was in decline. Some time after this, Philippus being dead, and his son Alexander marching into AsiaAeschines impeached Ctesiphon for acting against the laws, in passing a decree in favour of Demosthenes.
There was also near it a tablet, having poets and his schoolmasters on it; and among the rest, Gorgias inspecting a celestial globe, and Isocrates standing by him. This is what most authors write concerning the oracles.
So we are told by Eratosthenes. They range over a wide number of topics, moral, cosmological, etymological, hortatory, and numerological. When Alexander spotted his rival in his chariot, the younger King went right for him causing Darius to turn his chariot around and run.
His brother Exathres, Alexander received into the number of his intimate friends. When he had perused the letter, he put it under his pillow, without showing it so much as to any of his most intimate friends, and when Philip came in with the potion, he took it with great cheerfulness and assurance, giving him meantime the letter to read.
He left a school behind him at Rhodes, which was later called the Rhodian school. Among his friends was Lucius Mestrius Florus, a consul during the reign of Vespasianand Plutarch's guide during his visit to Cremona, where two important battles had been fought in 69, the year of the four emperors GalbaVitelliusOthoand Vespasian.
For when his affairs called upon him, he would not be detained, as other generals often were, either by wine, or sleep, nuptial solemnities, spectacles, or any other diversion whatsoever; a convincing argument of which is, that in the short time he lived, he accomplished so many and so great actions.
The Life of Alexander the Great By Plutarch It being my purpose to write the lives of Alexander the king, and of Caesar, by whom Pompey was destroyed, the multitude of their great. Alexander by Plutarch (died B.C.E.) Map of Alexander's route.
Translated by John Dryden. IT being my purpose to write the lives of Alexander the king, and. According to Plutarch, Alexander starts out rather virtuo The language should be updated to make classic biographies like this more accessible to modern readers.
Nevertheless, this work is interesting in that it gives a detailed account of Alexander the Great's exploits and virtues as a bold, young conqueror.4/5. Perhaps you also, like me, dipped casually into the odd volume of Plutarch now and again, to find out more about Pericles, Cicero, Alexander the Great, or some other antique worthy.
Probably, like. Every military commander to follow him in history has revered Alexander the Great. He is the standard by which every conqueror has not.
Plutarch's influential writings on the ancient world Plutarch's parallel biographies of the great men in Greek and Roman history are cornerstones of European literature, drawn on by countless writers since the Renaissance.Plutarch writing about alexander the great